El léxico de la ingeniería y su aprendizaje: estudio exploratorio

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21283/2376905X.8.104

Keywords:

ENGINEERING LEXICON, COGNITIVE APPROACH AND LSP, PHRASEOLOGY, TECHNICAL VOCABULARY LEARNING

Abstract

This paper presents a proposal for engineering lexicon learning within Languages for Specific Purposes, from a cognitive-phraseological perspective. The main aim is to provide students with a simple and user-friendly method to learn technical vocabulary in their specialty. The procedure we propose relies mainly on the use of lexical and conceptual chunks articulated by means of metaphor and/or metonymy. In this respect, this phraseological study serves to foster discursive understanding by establishing lexical-semantic links and by relating apparently disconnected words and expressions. Discourse systematization can structure vocabulary study into conceptual frames that help create mental associations and facilitate memory retention. To illustrate lexical-conceptual categorization in the area of construction engineering, we conduct a study of the metaphorical domain of everyday objects in Spanish and English. An image analysis of this domain reveals that the occurrence of analogical relations can result from perceptual factors, functional factors, or both simultaneously. In addition, a cross-linguistic Spanish-English analysis of semantic and lexical variations showcases linguistic differences that seem to result from cross-cultural differences.

Author Biographies

Ana Roldán-Riejos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Ana Roldán-Riejos is Associate Professor at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos) where she teaches professional and academic English. She coordinates the DISCYT (Cognitive Studies and Sociopragmatics of Scientific and Technical Discourse) research group and carries out research on language for specific purposes and cognitive linguistics. She is the co-author of The Language of Architecture and Civil Engineering (2011) and the Bilingual Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Metaphors and Metonymies Spanish-English/English-Spanish (2016).

Paloma Úbeda Mansilla, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Paloma Úbeda Mansilla is Associate Professor at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (E.T.S de Arquitectura de Madrid) where she teaches English and Spanish for professional and academic purposes. She coordinates the educational innovation group APLAI (Professional Applications of Languages for Architects and Engineers) and carries out research on language teaching from a cognitive approach.

Published

08/31/2018

How to Cite

Roldán-Riejos, A., & Úbeda Mansilla, P. (2018). El léxico de la ingeniería y su aprendizaje: estudio exploratorio. EuroAmerican Journal of Applied Linguistics and Languages, 5(1), 60–80. https://doi.org/10.21283/2376905X.8.104

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Research Articles

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